2007-2008 Undergraduate Catalog 
    Jul 18, 2024  
2007-2008 Undergraduate Catalog [Archived Catalog]

Terminology Guide

Course Information


The number assigned to each course is the key to the level at which it is taught. SUNY Cortland uses the following numbering system to define the course numbers and section numbers.

Course Numbers

100-199 courses generally designed for freshmen but may be appropriate for sophomores, usually an introductory or first course taught in a sequence within a discipline.

200-299 courses generally designed for sophomores but may be appropriate for freshmen, usually advancing in a progression as a second course which may require previous knowledge or training.

300-399 courses generally designed for juniors and seniors, but may also be appropriate for sophomores. Prerequisites are often required for this course level.

400-499 courses generally designed for juniors and seniors advancing well into upper division work with prerequisite knowledge base required.

500-599 courses are considered graduate courses but are designed for both graduate and highly motivated undergraduate students. This level of course work is open to juniors and seniors in good academic standing (cumulative grade point average of 2.0). Please note: There are certain 500-level courses that are for graduate students only.

600-699 courses designed exclusively at the graduate level for graduate students only.

Section Numbers

The number following the course prefix and course number used to identify a specific day, time, location and instructor for a course. The section number also may be used to identify specific majors or student cohorts eligible to enroll in a specific section of a course.

000-009 section numbers indicate that the course has no restrictions and is open to all students.

010, 020, 030, 040 section numbers generally indicate a quarter course. The middle digit represents the quarter.

090 section numbers indicate that the course is a Mohawk Valley graduate course held at SUNY IT.

500-599 section numbers require special permission from the chair of the department offering the course.

600-699 section numbers identify courses that may be reserved for a specific major, group of majors or special student cohort.

700-799 section numbers are reserved for students not in a particular major or discipline.

800-899 section numbers indicate courses that are a part of a "learning community" or special student cohort program.


Most courses beyond the introductory level require a degree of knowledge or preparation described by the prerequisites for the course. At SUNY Cortland the prerequisites indicate the level of preparation normally required for the course. In appropriate circumstances prerequisites may be waived. An equivalent course or courses taken elsewhere suffice, but questions regarding equivalency should be referred to the department offering the course.

Students who believe that courses they have taken meet the equivalency requirements may seek the consent of the chair of the department to waive the course prerequisites. When the phrase "consent of department" is used, permission from the department chair is required before students may enroll in the course.

Frequency of Course Offerings

Courses described in this catalog are offered according to the frequency code schedule listed below. The identifying code appears in the course description.

State University of New York College at Cortland reserves the right to cancel the offering of a scheduled course when any of these conditions prevail:

  1. Enrollment in the course is fewer than 10 persons. In cases where the cancelled course is a graduation requirement for any of those enrolled in it, SUNY Cortland will afford affected students an alternative method of meeting the requirement.
  2. Because of a temporary vacancy no qualified instructor is available to teach the course.
  3. The cancellation is early enough to permit students to register in another course.

Courses to be offered in a particular semester are listed on the registrar's home page at www.cortland.edu/registrar on the Web. The schedule of course offerings for the fall semester is available in mid-March, and the schedule of course offerings for the spring semester is available in mid-October.

Frequency Codes

A = Every semester
B = At least once per year
C = At least once every two years
F = Fall
M = Summer
O = Occasionally
S = Spring
W = Winter

Course Prefixes





  Department of Program Center
AAS   African American Studies   Africana Studies
AED   Adolescence Education   Teacher Certification Programs in Related Disciplines
AFS   Air Force - ROTC   ROTC at Cornell University
ANT   Anthropology   Sociology-Anthropology
ARA   Arabic   International Communications and Culture
ASL   American Sign Language   International Communications and Culture
AST   Asian/Middle Eastern Studies   Interdisciplinary
ATH   Art History   Art and Art History
ATR   Athletic Training   Kinesiology
ATS   Studio Art   Art and Art History
ATT   Art Theory   Art and Art History
BIO   Biology   Biological Sciences
BMS   Biomedical Sciences   Biological Sciences
CAP   Computer Applications   Computer Applications
CHE   Chemistry   Chemistry
CHI   Chinese   International Communications and Culture
CIN   Cinema Study   Cinema Study
COM   Communication Studies   Communication Studies
CON   Conservation Biology   Biological Sciences
COR   Cortland Experience   First-Year Experience
CPN   Composition   English/Composition
CPV   Cooperative Education   Interdisciplinary/Field Studies
CRM   Criminology   Sociology/Anthropology
DNC   Dance   Performing Arts
ECE   Early Childhood Education   Childhood/Early Childhood Education
ECO   Economics   Economics
EDA   Education Administration   Educational Leadership
EDL   Education Leadership   Educational Leadership
EDU   Education   Childhood/Early Childhood Education
        Foundations and Social Advocacy
ENG   English   English
ENS   Environmental Science   Environmental Science/Biology
ESL   English as a Second Language   International Communications and Culture
EST   Environmental Studies   Environmental Studies
EXS   Exercise Science   Kinesiology
FLT   Foreign Literature in Translation   International Communications and Culture
FRE   French   International Communications and Culture
FSA   Foundations and Social Advocacy   Foundations and Social Advocacy
GER   German   International Communications and Culture
GLY   Geology   Geology
GRY   Geography   Geography
GRT   Gerontology   Sociology/Anthropology
HIS   History   History
HLH   Health   Health
HUS   Human Service Studies   Health
ICC   International Communications and Culture   International Communications and Culture
INT   Interdisciplinary Studies   Interdisciplinary Program
IST   International Studies   International Studies
ITA   Italian   International Communications and Culture
JST   Jewish Studies   Jewish Studies
LIT   Literacy   Literacy
MAT   Mathematics   Mathematics
MCS   Computer Science   Mathematics
MGS   Multicultural and Gender Studies   Interdisciplinary Program
MGT   Management   Economics
MLS   Military Science – ROTC   ROTC at Cornell University
MUS   Music   Performing Arts
PED   Physical Education   Physical Education
PHI   Philosophy   Philosophy
PHY   Physics   Physics
POL   Political Science   Political Science
PSY   Psychology   Psychology
REC   Recreation   Recreation and Leisure Studies
RLS   Religious Studies   Interdisciplinary
SAB   Study Abroad   Study Abroad, International Programs
SCI   Science, General   Science, General
SHH   Speech Hearing-Handicapped   Speech Pathology and Audiology
SOC   Sociology   Sociology/Anthropology
SPA   Spanish   International Communications and Culture
SPE   Special Education   Foundations and Social Advocacy
SPM   Sport Management   Sport Management
THT   Theatre   Performing Arts
VAL   Values   Philosophy
WRM   Water Resources Management   Interdisciplinary
WST   Women's Studies   Women's Studies


Degrees, Majors, Minors, Concentrations, Programs of Study and HEGIS Codes



Degrees offered are Bachelor of Arts (B.A.), Bachelor of Fine Arts (B.F.A.), Bachelor or Science (B.S.) and Bachelor of Science in Education (B.S.Ed.).


A major is an approved program of study leading to a bachelor of arts (B.A.), bachelor of science (B.S.), or bachelor of science in education (B.S.Ed.). Majors require a minimum of 30 credit hours of discipline-specific courses. Majors must have a minimum of 15 credit hours of discipline-specific courses at the 300 level or above.


A minor is an approved program of study, not leading to a degree, in an area outside the major. A minor comprises a minimum of 15 credit hours; half of these credit hours must be taken at SUNY Cortland. Students cannot minor in the same area as the major or concentration. Likewise, students cannot earn a concentration in the same area as the minor.


A concentration is an approved program of study that provides a particular set of options within a given major or minor.

Concentrations may be embedded as part of the requirements of a major, or added as a separate option to a major. A concentration must have a minimum of 12 hours that are independent and distinct from the major requirements, that is, the credit hours used in the concentration cannot be used to fulfill the requirements in the major core, and likewise those courses used in the major core cannot be used to fulfill the requirements in the concentration. Half of the credit hours in the concentration must be taken at SUNY Cortland.

Therefore, an academic major of 30 credit hours of discipline-specific courses with an "embedded" concentration would include a concentration with 12 credit hours plus at least 18 credit hours in the major. An academic major that provides the option of a concentration that can be "added" separately to a major would include a concentration with 12 distinct hours in addition to the 30 credit-hour major for a total of 42 credit hours.

Students cannot earn a minor in the same area as the major or concentration. Likewise, students cannot earn a concentration in the same area as the minor.

Approved programs of study are those approved by the College's provost and vice president for academic affairs, the College's president, and the New York State Education Department and adopted by SUNY Cortland according to the procedures for curriculum change in effect at the time of approval.

Majors, minors and concentrations are not listed on diplomas but are recorded on official College transcripts.

Students may graduate under any catalog in effect during the period of their enrollment, providing they have not interrupted such enrollment and all requirements listed in the catalog have been met. A change of major, adding a minor or concentration may result in a change of catalog term and additional required course work for the new major and/or the need to meet certain grade point criteria as determined by the new department's published requirements at the time of the change of major.

Note: An official leave of absence is not considered an interruption in enrollment.

Undergraduate Program Codes

Program and Major

Degree Major Code


African American Studies B.A. and minor  


  concentration: Sociological, Political and Community Development AAS_AASC


  concentration: African and African-American History AAS_AASH


Anthropology B.A. and minor ANT


  concentration: Applied Anthropology ANT_APPL


  concentration: Americas Archaeology ANT_AARC


  concentration: World Archaeology ANT_WARC


  concentration: Ethnic Studies ANT_ETHS


  minor: Archaeology minor ARC


Art B.A. and minor  


  concentration: Art History ART_ARTH


  concentration: Studio Art ART_ARTS


Art Studio B.F.A. BFAS  
New Media Design B.A. NMD


Asian/Middle Eastern Studies minor AMES


Athletic Training B.S ATR


Biology B.A./B.S. and minor BIO


  concentration: Environmental Science BIO_ENVS


Adolescence Education: Biology (7-12) B.S ABI


Biomedical Sciences B.S BMS


Conservation Biology B.A./B.S CON


Chemistry B.A./B.S. and minor CHE


  concentration: Environmental Science CHE_ENVS


Adolescence Education: Chemistry (7-12) B.S. ACH


Chemistry/Engineering (3+2) B.S. CEN


Cinema Study minor CIN


Communication Studies B.A. and minor COM


  concentration: Journalism COM_JOUR


  concentration: Media Production COM_MEPD


  concentration: Public Relations and Advertising COM_PRAD


New Communication Media B.A. NCM


Computer Applications minor CAP


Criminology B.A. CRIM


Economics B.A. and minor ECO


  concentration: International Political Economy and Public Policy ECO_IPEP


  minor: Management minor MGT


  minor: Political Economy and Public Policy minor PEPP


Business Economics B.A./B.S. BUSE


  concentration: International Business and Economics BUSE_IBE


  concentration: Human Resource Management BUSE_HRM


  concentration: Financial Management BUSE_FMGT


  concentration: Environmental Management BUSE_ENMG




Childhood Education B.S EDC


Early Childhood and Childhood Education B.S EDD


Early Childhood Education B.S EDE


  One of the following three concentrations may be selected with the major:
  concentration: Environmental Studies EST


  concentration: Humanities HUM


  concentration: Social Sciences SOS


  An alternative to the 30-credit-hour concentration is a second major in one of the following approved arts and sciences disciplines.
  second major: Art and Art History   ART_ARTH  
  second major: Biology   BIO  
  second major: Chemistry   CHE  
  second major: Economics   ECO  
  second major: English   ENG  
  second major: French   FRE  
  second major: Geography   GRY  
  second major: Geology   GLY  
  second major: History   HIS  
  second major: Mathematics   MAT  
  second major: Musical Theatre   MUTH  
  second major: Physics   PHY  
  second major: Political Science   POL  
  second major: Spanish   SPA  
Inclusive Special Education B.S ISE


  minor: Psychology of the Exceptional Child
Note: This minor is required for the major.


English B.A. and minor ENG


Adolescence Education: English (7-12) B.A. AEE/AEN


  minor w/ concentration: Literature and Writing minor ENLW


  minor w/ concentration: Language and Literature minor ENLL


  minor w/ concentration: Literature minor ENL


Professional Writing B.A. and minor PWRT


English as a Second Language
  Teaching English as a Second Language (K-12) B.A ESL_CERT


  Teaching English as a Second Language (non-certification) B.A ESL_NCRT


Environmental and Outdoor Education minor EOE


  track: Environmental Education Interpretation EOEE


  track: Organized Camping EOEC


  track: Outdoor Pursuits EOEO


Environmental Studies: SUNY Cortland-Biology/Duke B.S. BIO_ENS


French B.A. and minor FRE


  Adolescence Education: French (7-12) AFR


  Adolescence Education: French and Spanish (7-12) AFS



B.A./B.S. and minor GRY


  concentration: Geographic Information Systems B.S. GRY_GIS


  concentration: Tourism Development B.A. and minor TOUR


Geographic Information Systems B.S. GIS


  concentration: Computer Techniques GIS_CTEC


  concentration: Demographics and Business Geographics GIS_DBG


  concentration: Environmental Science GIS_ENVS


Geology B.A./B.S. and minor GLY


  concentration: Environmental Science GLY_ENVS


  concentration: Water Resources GLY_WRES


Adolescence Education: Earth Science (7-12) B.S. AES


Health Education: (K-12) Certification B.S.Ed HEC


  concentration: College Health Promotion and Prevention Services B.S.Ed HEC_CHPP


  concentration: Health Communication HEC_HCOM


  concentration: International Health HEC_INTH


  concentration: Wellness and Health Promotion HEC_WELL


Health Science B.S. HSC


  concentration: Administration and Planning HSC_ADMN


  concentration: Allied Health HSC_ALLH


  concentration: College Health Promotion and Prevention Services HSC_CHPP


  concentration: Community Health Education HSC_COMH


  concentration: Environmental Health HSC_ENVH


  concentration: Health Communication HSC_HCOM


  concentration: International Health HSC_INTH


  concentration: Wellness/Health Promotion HSC_WELL


History B.A. and minor HIS


Human Service Studies B.A./B.S. HUS


Individualized Degree Program B.A./B.S. IDP


International Studies B.A. and minor  


  concentration: Africa IST_AFRI


  concentration: Asia IST_ASIA


  concentration: Culture and Globalism IST_CGLO


  concentration: Europe IST_EURO


  concentration: Geography IST_GRY


  concentration: Global Economic Systems IST_GES


  concentration: Global Political Systems IST_GPS


  concentration: Historical Development IST_HDEV


  concentration: Individualized Option IST_IDCO


  concentration: International Health IST_IHLH


  concentration: Latin America IST_LATA


  concentration: Women's Studies IST_WST


Jewish Studies minor JST


Kinesiology B.S.   0835
  concentration: Coaching   KIN_CCH  
  concenration: Exercise Science   KIN_EXSC  
  concentration: Sport Studies   KIN_SPST  
  minor: Exercise Science minor EXSC  
  minor: Sport Studies minor SPST  
Kinesiology: Fitness Development B.S. FIT 0835
Latino/Latin American Studies minor LLAS


Mathematics B.A./B.S. and minor MAT


  Adolescence Education: Math (7-12) AEM


  Adolescent Education: Physics and Mathematics (7-12) APM


Music minor MUS


Musical Theatre B.A. MUTH


  minor: American Musical Theatre minor AMTH


Native American Studies minor NAMS


Physical Education
Physical Education (K-12) Certification B.S.Ed PEC


  concentration: Adapted Physical Education PEC_ADPE


Physics B.A./B.S. and minor PHY


  concentration: Environmental Science PHY_ENVS


  concentration: Geophysics PHY_GEOP


Adolescence Education: Physics (7-12) APH


Adolescence Education: Physics and Mathematics (7-12) APM


Physics and Engineering (3+2) B.S. only PEN


Political Science B.A. and minor POL


  concentration: Law and Justice POL_LAJU


  concentration: Public Administration and Policy minor POL_PADM


  minor: Comparative Politics and International Relations minor POL_CPIR


Pre-Major PRE


Psychology B.A./B.S. and minor PSY


  minor: Psychology of the Exceptional Child minor PSYX


Recreation B.S. REC


  concentration: Leisure/Recreation Program Delivery REC_LRPD


Outdoor Recreation B.S. OREC


  concentration: Camp Management OREC_CAMP


  concentration: Environmental and Cultural Interpretation OREC_ENV


  concentration: Outdoor Leadership OREC_LEAD


  concentration: Natural Resource Recreation Management OREC_NRRM


Recreation Management B.S. RMGT


Therapeutic Recreation B.S. TR


Social Philosophy B.A. and minor SPHI


Social Studies
Adolescence Education: Social Studies (7-12) SST


Program requires a second major:
  second major: African American Studies B.A. SST_AAS


  second major: Anthropology B.A. SST_ANT


  second major: Economics B.A. SST_ECO


  second major: Geography B.A. SST_GRY


  second major: History B.A. SST_HIS


  second major: International Studies B.A. SST_IST


  second major: Political Science B.A. SST_POL


  second major: Sociology B.A. SST_SOC


Sociology B.A. and minor SOC


  concentration: Criminology SOC_CRIM


  concentration: Social Gerontology SOC_SGRT


  minor: Social Gerontology minor SGRT


Spanish B.A. and minor SPA


Adolescence Education: Spanish (7-12) ASP


Adolescence Education: French and Spanish (7-12) AFS


Speech Pathology and Audiology
Speech and Hearing Science (non-certification) B.S. and minor SHS


Speech and Language Disabilities B.S. SLD


Sport Management B.A./B.S. and minor SPMG


Theatre minor THT


Urban Studies minor URB


Women's Studies minor WST



SUNY Cortland Teacher Certification Exam Pass-Rates


All graduates of teacher preparation programs must pass a New York State teacher certification exam in order to be granted Initial Certification in Teacher Education to teach in New York State. The following table presents the pass rates by 2006 SUNY Cortland graduates on the New York State Teacher Certification Examination (NYSTCE).

Professional Knowledge/Pedagogy is assessed by the NYSTCE Assessment of Teaching Skills-Written (ATS-W).

Content Knowledge is assessed by the NYSTCE Liberal Arts and Sciences Test (LAST).

SUNY Cortland's pass rates for these exams are among the highest in New York State. The exceptional pass rates by Cortland graduates on the state exams demonstrate that the College has maintained the highest standards while attracting large numbers of students to outstanding teacher education programs. In fact, SUNY Cortland has the largest teacher education program on the East Coast and the ninth largest teacher education program in the United States.

The College's traditional programs in childhood and physical education are long standing and highly recognized throughout the nation. Through its conceptual framework and placement of student teachers, SUNY Cortland is committed to preparing teachers to meet statewide demands within urban and rural areas.

Within SUNY, Cortland is the only college or university that provides disabilities education in five distinct areas: therapeutic recreation, special education, speech pathology and audiology, adapted physical education, and psychology of exceptionality (learning disabilities, mental retardation, ABA and behavior disorders). The Disability Studies Institute provides faculty and students across the three schools with an opportunity to work directly in the community to support children and adults with disabilities. The Institute encourages the work of advocacy in numerous ways on a local, state and national level.

SUNY Cortland supports the fourth largest Migrant Educational Outreach Program in New York, which provides educational, health and social services advocacy and academic support to school-age children of migrant workers and their families in the schools, after school, at their homes and in the camps.


Test Field/Category

SUNY Cortland



Number Tested


Number Passed


Pass Rate


Pass Rate

Profesional Knowledge/Pedagogy





Other Content Areas





These data are presented in compliance with Section 207 of the Higher Education Act Title II. Program completers in this table are defined as undergraduate and graduate students receiving a degree between July 1, 2005 and June 30, 2006 and who have taken the NYSTCE exams. While most of the graduates take one of these exams, it is not a graduation requirement at SUNY Cortland.
* In accordance with reporting guidelines.